Prof. Hamish Cunningham
– Curriculum Vitæ

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Address:

Department of Computer Science,

Phone:

+44 114 222 1891 (office)

University of Sheffield,

+44 7920 7654 55 (mobile)

211 Portobello St., Sheffield S1 4DP

United Kingdom

Fax:

+44 114 222 1810

    

Date of birth:

11th March 1965.

    

Web:

https://hamish.gate.ac.uk/

1 Career History

Research Professor
Department of Computer Science, University of Sheffield (original appointment 1995).
Chaire d’Excellence
Agence Nationale de la Recherche Chaire d’Excellence at the Internet Memory Foundation, Paris, (2011-2012).
Visiting Professor
(2009) Université Joseph Fourier, Grenoble.
Visiting Scientist
(2005 to 2006) Digital Enterprise Research Institute, National University of Ireland at Galway.
Research Associate
(1991 to 1995) Centre for Computational Linguistics, University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology (UMIST).
Lecturer
(1993-4) in Computing (part-time), University College Salford.
Programmer
(1988-1990) with S.A.M. Systems Ltd., Manchester.
Sound Engineer
(1984-1985) with Woodbine Street Recording Studio, Leamington Spa.

2 Research Funding

My research has been funded by: EPSRC, BBSRC, AHRC, JISC, the EU, the NHS, ANR, the crowd (on Kickstarter) and industry.

Project

Role

Duration

Agency

    

SoBigData 1

PI2

2015-2019

EC

EU Aquaponics Hub3

MCM4

2014-2018

EC

MLi5

PI

2013-2015

EC

ForgetIT6

PI

2013-2015

EC

AnnoMarket7

Cd/PI8

2012-2014

EC

NuAGES9

PI

2011-2013

ANR

Arcomem10

Cd/PI

2011-2013

EC

SLaM/IE-2

CI11

2011

NHS

GATE Cloud

PI

2011

EPSRC/JISC

Khresmoi12

PI

2010-2014

EC

SLaM/IE

CI

2010

NHS/BearingPoint

SAM-3

PI

2009-10

MatrixWare/IRF

TextVRE

CI

2009-2011

JISC

LarKC13

PI

2008-2011

EC

SAM-2

PI

2008-9

MatrixWare/IRF

ServiceFinder

CI

2008-2010

EC

SAM-114

PI

2007

MatrixWare/IRF

GATE/UIMA

PI

2005-6

IBM

NEON

PI

2006-2010

EC

MediaCampaign

PI

2006-2008

EC

MUSING

CA15

2006-2010

EC

TAO

CA

2006-2008

EC

LIRICS16

PI

01/2005-06/2007

EC

SEKT17

PI

01/2004-12/2006

EC

PrestoSpace1819

PI

01/2004-04/2007

EC

KnowledgeWeb

PI

01/2004-12/2007

EC

MMKM20

FM21

01/2004-12/2006

EPSRC

ETCSL22

PI

10/2003-09/2006

AHRC

Multiflora II

PI

2002-2003

BBSRC

h-TechSight23

PI

2001-2004

EC

EnIRaF (Marie Curie)

PI

2004-2007

EC

HealthIE

PI

2001-2002

HSL Lab

OntoWeb network

PI

2001-2003

EC

Old Bailey IE

PI

2002

Internal

AKT24

CI

2000-2006

EPSRC

MUMIS25

CA

2000-2003

EC

GATE 2

CA

1999-2002

EPSRC

Multimedia GATE

PI

1999

MPI26

AVENTINUS Phase III

CA

1999

EC

(A number of smaller projects have been omitted.)

3 Education

PhD in Computer Science
at the University of Sheffield (1995-2000). Thesis entitled Software Architecture for Language Engineering.
MSc in Computation
at UMIST, Manchester (1990-1991). Dissertation: Automatic Speech Recognition using Hidden Markov Modelling with an experimental system in C.
BA (Hons) IIi
Sociology and English-American Studies, University of Sussex (1985-1988). Final year project: Search and Planning in AI with an example system in POP11.
‘A’ levels
(two) at Charles Keene Collge, Leicester (1984-1985).
‘O’ levels
(seven, including Maths, English, French) at Beauchamp College, Leicester (1982).
Miscellaneous
Intermediate Aquaponics, Humble by Nature / Aquaponics UK (May 2015). Comprehensive Aquaponics, BioAquaFarm (July 2015). CNC Routing, FabLab Manchester (November 2015). Institute of Linguists General Certificate in French for International Communication (1994). City & Guilds Certificate of Applications Programming (COBOL), Scope Technology Ltd., Manchester (1989).

4 Professional Activities

Research proposal reviewer for:

Outreach:

Journals:

Advisory boards and professional associations:

Standardisation activities:

Conference and workshop organisation:

Scholarships, invited lectures and tutorials:

Programme committee memberships:

5 Teaching

I am or have been supervisor, co-supervisor or panellist on a number of PhD theses, on subjects including:

I have taught undergraduate and postgraduate courses at Sheffield, UMIST and Salford, on various subjects including:

6 Publications

6.1 Selected Significant and Widely Cited Publications

[Tablan et al. 14]   
V. Tablan, K. Bontcheva, I. Roberts, and H. Cunningham. Mímir: an open-source semantic search framework for interactive information seeking and discovery. Journal of Web Semantics, 2014.

[Cunningham et al. 13]   
H. Cunningham, V. Tablan, A. Roberts, and K. Bontcheva. Getting more out of biomedical documents with gate’s full lifecycle open source text analytics. PLoS Computational Biology, 9(2):e1002854, 02 2013.

[Damljanovic et al. 13]   
D. Damljanovic, M. Agatonovic, H. Cunningham, and K. Bontcheva. Improving habitability of natural language interfaces for querying ontologies with feedback and clarifcation dialogues. Web Semantics: Science, Services and Agents on the World Wide Web, 0(0), 2013. http://bit.ly/JWSsd.

[Johansson et al. 12]   
M. Johansson, A. Roberts, D. Chen, Y. Li, M. Delahaye-Sourdeix, N. Aswani, M. A. Greenwood, S. Benhamou, P. Lagiou, I. Holctov, L. Richiardi, K. Kjaerheim, A. Agudo, X. Castellsagu, T. V. M. andLuigi Barzan, C. Canova, N. S. Thakker, D. I. Conway, A. Znaor, C. M. Healy, W. Ahrens, D. Zaridze, N. Szeszenia-Dabrowska, J. Lissowska, E. Fabianova, I. N. Mates, V. Bencko, L. Foretova, V. J. andMaria Paula Curado, S. Koifman, A. Menezes, V. Wnsch-Filho, J. E. Neto, P. Boffetta, S. Franceschi, R. Herrero, L. F. Garrote, R. Talamini, S. Boccia, P. Galan, L. Vatten, P. Thomson, D. Zelenika, M. Lathrop, G. Byrnes, H. Cunningham, P. Brennan, J. Wakefield, and J. D. Mckay. Using prior information from the medical literature in gwas of oral cancer identifies novel susceptibility variant on chromosome 4 – the adapt method. PLoS ONE, 7(5):e36888, 05 2012.

[Tablan et al. 12]   
V. Tablan, I. Roberts, H. Cunningham, and K. Bontcheva. GATECloud.net: a Platform for Large-Scale, Open-Source Text Processing on the Cloud. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Physical, Mathematical and Engineering Sciences, 370, 2012.

[Bontcheva & Cunningham 11]   
K. Bontcheva and H. Cunningham. Semantic annotations and retrieval: Manual, semiautomatic, and automatic generation. In J. Domingue, D. Fensel, and J. Hendler, editors, Handbook of Semantic Web Technologies, pages 77–116. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2011.

[Cunningham et al. 11b]   
H. Cunningham, N. Fuhr, and B. Stein, editors. Challenges in Document Mining – Report from Dagstuhl Seminar 11171, Dagstuhl Reports, Dagstuhl, Germany, May 2011. Leibniz-Zerntrum für Informatik.

[Cunningham et al. 11a]   
H. Cunningham, D. Maynard, K. Bontcheva, V. Tablan, N. Aswani, I. Roberts, G. Gorrell, A. Funk, A. Roberts, D. Damljanovic, T. Heitz, M. Greenwood, H. Saggion, J. Petrak, Y. Li, and W. Peters. Text Processing with GATE (Version 6). http://gate.ac.uk/books.html, 2011.

[Cunningham et al. 10c]   
H. Cunningham, A. Hanbury, and S. Rüger. Scaling up high-value retrieval to medium-volume data. In H. Cunningham, A. Hanbury, and S. Rüger, editors, Advances in Multidisciplinary Retrieval (the 1st Information Retrieval Facility Conference). LNCS volume number: 6107, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Vienna, Austria, May 2010. Springer.

[Cunningham 02]   
H. Cunningham. GATE, a General Architecture for Text Engineering. Computers and the Humanities, 36:223–254, 2002.

[Cunningham et al. 02b]   
H. Cunningham, D. Maynard, K. Bontcheva, and V. Tablan. GATE: A Framework and Graphical Development Environment for Robust NLP Tools and Applications. In Proceedings of the 40th Anniversary Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics (ACL’02), 2002.

[Cunningham 05a]   
H. Cunningham. Computational Language Systems, Architectures. Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics, 2nd Edition, 2005.

[Cunningham 05b]   
H. Cunningham. Information Extraction, Automatic. Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics, 2nd Edition, 2005.

[Cunningham 99a]   
H. Cunningham. A Definition and Short History of Language Engineering. Journal of Natural Language Engineering, 5(1):1–16, 1999.

[Cunningham & Bontcheva 05b]   
H. Cunningham and K. Bontcheva. Knowledge Management and Human Language: Crossing the Chasm. Journal of Knowledge Management, 2005.

[Cunningham & Scott 04]   
H. Cunningham and D. Scott. Introduction to the Special Issue on Software Architecture for Language Engineering. Journal of Natural Language Engineering, 2004.

[Cunningham et al. 97b]   
H. Cunningham, K. Humphreys, R. Gaizauskas, and Y. Wilks. Software Infrastructure for Natural Language Processing. In Proceedings of the 5th Conference on Applied Natural Language Processing (ANLP-97), March 1997. http://xxx.lanl.gov/abs/cs.CL/9702005.

[Cunningham et al. 94a]   
H. Cunningham, M. Freeman, and W. Black. Software Reuse, Object-Oriented Frameworks and Natural Language Processing. In New Methods in Language Processing (NeMLaP-1), September 1994, Manchester, 1994. (Re-published in book form 1997 by UCL Press).

[Li et al. 09]   
Y. Li, K. Bontcheva, and H. Cunningham. Adapting SVM for Data Sparseness and Imbalance: A Case Study on Information Extraction. Natural Language Engineering, 15(02):241–271, 2009.

[Davis et al. 10]   
B. Davis, P. Dantuluri, S. Handschuh, and H. Cunningham. Towards controlled natural language for semantic annotation. International Journal on Semantic Web and Information Systems (IJSWIS), 6(4):64–91, 2010.

[Bontcheva et al. 04]   
K. Bontcheva, V. Tablan, D. Maynard, and H. Cunningham. Evolving GATE to Meet New Challenges in Language Engineering. Journal of Natural Language Engineering, 2004.

[Saggion et al. 03b]   
H. Saggion, H. Cunningham, K. Bontcheva, D. Maynard, O. Hamza, and Y. Wilks. Multimedia Indexing through Multisource and Multilingual Information Extraction; the MUMIS project. Data and Knowledge Engineering, 2003.

[Li et al. 05b]   
Y. Li, K. Bontcheva, and H. Cunningham. Using Uneven Margins SVM and Perceptron for Information Extraction. In Proceedings of Ninth Conference on Computational Natural Language Learning (CoNLL-2005), 2005.

[Dowman et al. 05b]   
M. Dowman, V. Tablan, H. Cunningham, and B. Popov. Web-assisted annotation, semantic indexing and search of television and radio news. In Proceedings of the 14th International World Wide Web Conference, Chiba, Japan, 2005.

[Li et al. 07a]   
Y. Li, K. Bontcheva, and H. Cunningham. Hierarchical, Perceptron-like Learning for Ontology Based Information Extraction. In 16th International World Wide Web Conference (WWW2007), pages 777–786, May 2007.

[Johansson et al. 09a]   
M. Johansson, Y. Li, J. Wakefield, M. Greenwood, T. Heitz, I. Roberts, H. Cunningham, P. Brennan, A. Roberts, and J. Mckay. Using prior information attained from the literature to improve ranking in genome-wide association studies. In The American Society of Human Genetics 59th Annual Meeting, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA, October 2009.

[Guthrie et al. 04]   
L. Guthrie, R. Basili, F. Zanzotto, K. Bontcheva, H. Cunningham, D. Guthrie, J. Cui, M. Cammisa, J. Liu, C. Martin, K. Haralambiev, M. Holub, K. Machery, and F. Jelinek. Large Scale Experiments for Semantic Labelling of Noun Phrases in Raw Text. In Proceedings of the Language Resources and Evaluation Conference (LREC 2004), 2004.

[Maynard et al. 03b]   
D. Maynard, V. Tablan, K. Bontcheva, and H. Cunningham. Rapid customisation of an Information Extraction system for surprise languages. Special issue of ACM Transactions on Asian Language Information Processing: Rapid Development of Language Capabilities: The Surprise Languages, 2003.

[Maynard et al. 02d]   
D. Maynard, V. Tablan, H. Cunningham, C. Ursu, H. Saggion, K. Bontcheva, and Y. Wilks. Architectural Elements of Language Engineering Robustness. Journal of Natural Language Engineering – Special Issue on Robust Methods in Analysis of Natural Language Data, 8(2/3):257–274, 2002.

[McEnery et al. 00]   
A. McEnery, P. Baker, R. Gaizauskas, and H. Cunningham. EMILLE: Building a Corpus of South Asian Languages. Vivek, A Quarterly in Artificial Intelligence, 13(3):23–32, 2000.

[Rodgers et al. 97]   
P. Rodgers, R. Gaizauskas, K. Humphreys, and H. Cunningham. Visual Execution and Data Visualisation in Natural Language Processing. In IEEE Visual Language, 1997.

6.2 Journal Papers: Refereed

[Tablan et al. 14]   
V. Tablan, K. Bontcheva, I. Roberts, and H. Cunningham. Mímir: an open-source semantic search framework for interactive information seeking and discovery. Journal of Web Semantics, 2014.

[Cunningham et al. 13]   
H. Cunningham, V. Tablan, A. Roberts, and K. Bontcheva. Getting more out of biomedical documents with gate’s full lifecycle open source text analytics. PLoS Computational Biology, 9(2):e1002854, 02 2013.

[Cunningham 99a]   
H. Cunningham. A Definition and Short History of Language Engineering. Journal of Natural Language Engineering, 5(1):1–16, 1999.

[Cunningham 02]   
H. Cunningham. GATE, a General Architecture for Text Engineering. Computers and the Humanities, 36:223–254, 2002.

[Cunningham et al. 05]   
H. Cunningham, K. Bontcheva, and Y. Li. Knowledge Management and Human Language: Crossing the Chasm. Journal of Knowledge Management, 9(5):108–131, 2005.

[Cunningham et al. 11b]   
H. Cunningham, N. Fuhr, and B. Stein, editors. Challenges in Document Mining – Report from Dagstuhl Seminar 11171, Dagstuhl Reports, Dagstuhl, Germany, May 2011. Leibniz-Zerntrum für Informatik.

[Damljanovic et al. 13]   
D. Damljanovic, M. Agatonovic, H. Cunningham, and K. Bontcheva. Improving habitability of natural language interfaces for querying ontologies with feedback and clarifcation dialogues. Web Semantics: Science, Services and Agents on the World Wide Web, 0(0), 2013. http://bit.ly/JWSsd.

[Johansson et al. 12]   
M. Johansson, A. Roberts, D. Chen, Y. Li, M. Delahaye-Sourdeix, N. Aswani, M. A. Greenwood, S. Benhamou, P. Lagiou, I. Holctov, L. Richiardi, K. Kjaerheim, A. Agudo, X. Castellsagu, T. V. M. andLuigi Barzan, C. Canova, N. S. Thakker, D. I. Conway, A. Znaor, C. M. Healy, W. Ahrens, D. Zaridze, N. Szeszenia-Dabrowska, J. Lissowska, E. Fabianova, I. N. Mates, V. Bencko, L. Foretova, V. J. andMaria Paula Curado, S. Koifman, A. Menezes, V. Wnsch-Filho, J. E. Neto, P. Boffetta, S. Franceschi, R. Herrero, L. F. Garrote, R. Talamini, S. Boccia, P. Galan, L. Vatten, P. Thomson, D. Zelenika, M. Lathrop, G. Byrnes, H. Cunningham, P. Brennan, J. Wakefield, and J. D. Mckay. Using prior information from the medical literature in gwas of oral cancer identifies novel susceptibility variant on chromosome 4 – the adapt method. PLoS ONE, 7(5):e36888, 05 2012.

[Tablan et al. 12]   
V. Tablan, I. Roberts, H. Cunningham, and K. Bontcheva. GATECloud.net: a Platform for Large-Scale, Open-Source Text Processing on the Cloud. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Physical, Mathematical and Engineering Sciences, 370, 2012.

[Azzam et al. 99]   
S. Azzam, K. Humphreys, R. Gaizauskas, H. Cunningham, and Y. Wilks. Using a Language Independent Domain Model for Multilingual Information Extraction. Applied Artificial Intelligence, 13(7), 1999. Special Issue on Multilinguality in the Software Industry: the AI Contribution (MULSAIC-97).

[Bontcheva et al. 04]   
K. Bontcheva, V. Tablan, D. Maynard, and H. Cunningham. Evolving GATE to Meet New Challenges in Language Engineering. Journal of Natural Language Engineering, 2004.

[Davis et al. 10]   
B. Davis, P. Dantuluri, S. Handschuh, and H. Cunningham. Towards controlled natural language for semantic annotation. International Journal on Semantic Web and Information Systems (IJSWIS), 6(4):64–91, 2010.

[Fensel et al. 08]   
D. Fensel, F. van Harmelen, B. Andersson, P. Brennan, H. Cunningham, E. D. Valle, F. Fischer, Z. Huang, A. Kiryakov, T. K. il Lee, L. School, V. Tresp, S. Wesner, M. Witbrock, and N. Zhong. Towards LarKC: a Platform for Web-Scale Reasoning. IEEE Computer Society Press Los Alamitos, CA, USA, 8 2008.

[Li et al. 09]   
Y. Li, K. Bontcheva, and H. Cunningham. Adapting SVM for Data Sparseness and Imbalance: A Case Study on Information Extraction. Natural Language Engineering, 15(02):241–271, 2009.

[Maynard et al. 02d]   
D. Maynard, V. Tablan, H. Cunningham, C. Ursu, H. Saggion, K. Bontcheva, and Y. Wilks. Architectural Elements of Language Engineering Robustness. Journal of Natural Language Engineering – Special Issue on Robust Methods in Analysis of Natural Language Data, 8(2/3):257–274, 2002.

[Maynard et al. 03b]   
D. Maynard, V. Tablan, K. Bontcheva, and H. Cunningham. Rapid customisation of an Information Extraction system for surprise languages. Special issue of ACM Transactions on Asian Language Information Processing: Rapid Development of Language Capabilities: The Surprise Languages, 2003.

[McEnery et al. 00]   
A. McEnery, P. Baker, R. Gaizauskas, and H. Cunningham. EMILLE: Building a Corpus of South Asian Languages. Vivek, A Quarterly in Artificial Intelligence, 13(3):23–32, 2000.

[Rodgers et al. 97]   
P. Rodgers, R. Gaizauskas, K. Humphreys, and H. Cunningham. Visual Execution and Data Visualisation in Natural Language Processing. In IEEE Visual Language, 1997.

[Saggion et al. 03b]   
H. Saggion, H. Cunningham, K. Bontcheva, D. Maynard, O. Hamza, and Y. Wilks. Multimedia Indexing through Multisource and Multilingual Information Extraction; the MUMIS project. Data and Knowledge Engineering, 2003.

6.3 Journal Papers: Invited or Non-Refereed

[Cunningham 16]   
H. Cunningham. Aquaponics – saving the world with fish poo. Now Then Magazine: http://nowthenmagazine.com/sheffield/issue-94/aquaponics/, 2016.

[Cunningham & Kotzen 15]   
H. Cunningham and B. Kotzen. The sustainable vegetables that thrive on a diet of fish poo. The Conversation: https://theconversation.com/the-sustainable-vegetables-that-thrive-on-a-diet-of-fish-poo-50160, 2015.

[Cunningham 98]   
H. Cunningham. GATE to infrastructure. ELSNews, 7(4), 1998.

[Cunningham et al. 02a]   
H. Cunningham, K. Bontcheva, D. Maynard, and V. Tablan. GATE – A New Release. ELSNews, 11(1), 2002.

[Cunningham & Scott 04]   
H. Cunningham and D. Scott. Introduction to the Special Issue on Software Architecture for Language Engineering. Journal of Natural Language Engineering, 2004.

[Cunningham 12]   
H. Cunningham. Agile Research. ArXiv e-prints, February 2012.

[Li & Cunningham 08]   
Y. Li and H. Cunningham. Geometric and Quantum Methods for Information Retrieval. SIGIR Forum, 42(2):22–32, 2008.

[Saggion et al. 02a]   
H. Saggion, H. Cunningam, Y. Wilks, T. Declerck, and P. Wittenburg. English Information Extraction from Football Reports in the Context of the MUMIS Project. ELSNews, 11(2), 2002.

6.4 Books and Book Chapters

[Cunningham et al. 94a]   
H. Cunningham, M. Freeman, and W. Black. Software Reuse, Object-Oriented Frameworks and Natural Language Processing. In New Methods in Language Processing (NeMLaP-1), September 1994, Manchester, 1994. (Re-published in book form 1997 by UCL Press).

[Cunningham et al. 96b]   
H. Cunningham, K. Humphreys, R. Gaizauskas, and Y. Wilks. TIPSTER-Compatible Projects at Sheffield. In Advances in Text Processing, TIPSTER Program Phase II. DARPA, Morgan Kaufmann, California, 1996.

[Cunningham et al. 97a]   
H. Cunningham, K. Humphreys, R. Gaizauskas, and Y. Wilks. GATE – a TIPSTER-based General Architecture for Text Engineering. In The TIPSTER Text Program (Phase III). Morgan Kaufmann, California, May 1997.

[Cunningham 05a]   
H. Cunningham. Computational Language Systems, Architectures. Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics, 2nd Edition, 2005.

[Cunningham 05b]   
H. Cunningham. Information Extraction, Automatic. Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics, 2nd Edition, 2005.

[Cunningham et al. 06]   
H. Cunningham, D. Maynard, K. Bontcheva, V. Tablan, C. Ursu, M. Dimitrov, M. Dowman, N. Aswani, and I. Roberts. Developing Language Processing Components with GATE Version 3.1 (a User Guide). http://gate.ac.uk/, 2006.

[Cunningham et al. 09]   
H. Cunningham, D. Maynard, K. Bontcheva, V. Tablan, M. Dimitrov, M. Dowman, N. Aswani, I. Roberts, Y. Li, and A. Funk. Developing Language Processing Components with GATE Version 5.0 (a User Guide). http://gate.ac.uk/, 2009.

[Cunningham et al. 10a]   
H. Cunningham, D. Maynard, K. Bontcheva, V. Tablan, M. Dimitrov, M. Dowman, N. Aswani, I. Roberts, Y. Li, A. Funk, G. Gorrell, J. Petrak, H. Saggion, D. Damljanovic, and A. Roberts. Developing Language Processing Components with GATE Version 5.0 (a User Guide). The University of Sheffield, 2010.

[Cunningham et al. 10b]   
H. Cunningham, A. Hanbury, and S. Rüger, editors. Advances in Multidisciplinary Retrieval (the 1st Information Retrieval Facility Conference). LNCS volume number: 6107, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Vienna, Austria, May 2010. Springer.

[Cunningham et al. 11]   
H. Cunningham, V. Tablan, I. Roberts, M. A. Greenwood, and N. Aswani. Information Extraction and Semantic Annotation for Multi-Paradigm Information Management. In M. Lupu, K. Mayer, J. Tait, and A. J. Trippe, editors, Current Challenges in Patent Information Retrieval, volume 29 of The Information Retrieval Series. Springer, 2011.

[Cunningham et al. 11a]   
H. Cunningham, D. Maynard, K. Bontcheva, V. Tablan, N. Aswani, I. Roberts, G. Gorrell, A. Funk, A. Roberts, D. Damljanovic, T. Heitz, M. Greenwood, H. Saggion, J. Petrak, Y. Li, and W. Peters. Text Processing with GATE (Version 6). http://gate.ac.uk/books.html, 2011.

[Black et al. 92]   
W. Black, N. Underwood, and H. Cunningham. Dialogue Management in a Pragmatics-Based Natural Language Information System. In T. McEnery and C. Paice, editors, British Computer Society 14th Information Retrieval Colloquium, Lancaster, 1992. Springer-Verlag.

[Bontcheva & Cunningham 11]   
K. Bontcheva and H. Cunningham. Semantic annotations and retrieval: Manual, semiautomatic, and automatic generation. In J. Domingue, D. Fensel, and J. Hendler, editors, Handbook of Semantic Web Technologies, pages 77–116. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2011.

[Bontcheva et al. 06]   
K. Bontcheva, H. Cunningham, A. Kiryakov, and V. Tablan. Metadata Extraction. In J. Davies, R. Studer, and P. Warren, editors, Semantic Web Technologies. John Wiley and Sons, 2006.

[Davis et al. 10]   
B. Davis, P. Dantuluri, L. Dragan, S. Handschuh, and H. Cunningham. On designing controlled natural languages for semantic annotation. In N. E. Fuchs, editor, Proceedings of the Workshop on Controlled Natural Language (CNL 2009), Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, 2010.

[Dimitrov et al. 04]   
M. Dimitrov, K. Bontcheva, H. Cunningham, and D. Maynard. A Light-weight Approach to Coreference Resolution for Named Entities in Text. In A. Branco, T. McEnery, and R. Mitkov, editors, Anaphora Processing: Linguistic, Cognitive and Computational Modelling. John Benjamins, 2005.

[Gaizauskas et al. 96b]   
R. Gaizauskas, T. Wakao, K. Humphreys, H. Cunningham, and Y. Wilks. Description of the LaSIE system as used for MUC-6. In Proceedings of the Sixth Message Understanding Conference (MUC-6), pages 207 – 220, San Francisco, California, 1996. Morgan Kaufmann, California.

[Li et al. 05a]   
Y. Li, K. Bontcheva, and H. Cunningham. SVM Based Learning System For Information Extraction. In Proceedings of Sheffield Machine Learning Workshop, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer Verlag, 2005.

[Maynard et al. 02c]   
D. Maynard, H. Cunningham, and R. Gaizauskas. Named entity recognition at Sheffield University. In H. Holmboe, editor, Nordic Language Technology – Arbog for Nordisk Sprogtechnologisk Forskningsprogram 2002-2004, pages 141–145. Museum Tusculanums Forlag, 2002.

6.5 Conference Papers: Refereed

[Cunningham et al. 96c]   
H. Cunningham, Y. Wilks, and R. Gaizauskas. GATE – a General Architecture for Text Engineering. In Proceedings of the 16th Conference on Computational Linguistics (COLING-96), Copenhagen, August 1996.

[Cunningham et al. 96e]   
H. Cunningham, Y. Wilks, and R. Gaizauskas. New Methods, Current Trends and Software Infrastructure for NLP. In Proceedings of the Conference on New Methods in Natural Language Processing (NeMLaP-2), Bilkent University, Turkey, September 1996. http://xxx.lanl.gov/abs/cs.CL/9607025.

[Cunningham et al. 97b]   
H. Cunningham, K. Humphreys, R. Gaizauskas, and Y. Wilks. Software Infrastructure for Natural Language Processing. In Proceedings of the 5th Conference on Applied Natural Language Processing (ANLP-97), March 1997. http://xxx.lanl.gov/abs/cs.CL/9702005.

[Cunningham et al. 98b]   
H. Cunningham, M. Stevenson, and Y. Wilks. Implementing a Sense Tagger within a General Architecture for Language Engineering. In Proceedings of the Third Conference on New Methods in Language Engineering (NeMLaP-3), pages 59–72, Sydney, Australia, 1998.

[Cunningham et al. 00b]   
H. Cunningham, K. Bontcheva, V. Tablan, and Y. Wilks. Software Infrastructure for Language Resources: a Taxonomy of Previous Work and a Requirements Analysis. In Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC-2), Athens, 2000. http://gate.ac.uk/.

[Cunningham et al. 02b]   
H. Cunningham, D. Maynard, K. Bontcheva, and V. Tablan. GATE: A Framework and Graphical Development Environment for Robust NLP Tools and Applications. In Proceedings of the 40th Anniversary Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics (ACL’02), 2002.

[Cunningham et al. 03]   
H. Cunningham, V. Tablan, K. Bontcheva, and M. Dimitrov. Language Engineering Tools for Collaborative Corpus Annotation. In Proceedings of Corpus Linguistics 2003, Lancaster, UK, 2003.

[Cunningham et al. 10c]   
H. Cunningham, A. Hanbury, and S. Rüger. Scaling up high-value retrieval to medium-volume data. In H. Cunningham, A. Hanbury, and S. Rüger, editors, Advances in Multidisciplinary Retrieval (the 1st Information Retrieval Facility Conference). LNCS volume number: 6107, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Vienna, Austria, May 2010. Springer.

[Agatonovic et al. 08]   
M. Agatonovic, N. Aswani, K. Bontcheva, H. Cunningham, T. Heitz, Y. Li, I. Roberts, and V. Tablan. Large-scale, parallel automatic patent annotation. In Proc. of 1st International CIKM Workshop on Patent Information Retrieval – PaIR’08, Napa Valley, California, USA, October 30 2008.

[Aswani et al. 05]   
N. Aswani, V. Tablan, K. Bontcheva, and H. Cunningham. Indexing and Querying Linguistic Metadata and Document Content. In Proceedings of Fifth International Conference on Recent Advances in Natural Language Processing (RANLP2005), Borovets, Bulgaria, 2005.

[Aswani et al. 06]   
N. Aswani, K. Bontcheva, and H. Cunningham. Mining information for instance unification. In 5th International Semantic Web Conference (ISWC2006), Athens, Georgia, 2006.

[Baker et al. 02]   
P. Baker, A. Hardie, T. McEnery, H. Cunningham, and R. Gaizauskas. EMILLE, A 67-Million Word Corpus of Indic Languages: Data Collection, Mark-up and Harmonisation. In Proceedings of 3rd Language Resources and Evaluation Conference (LREC’2002), pages 819–825, 2002.

[Bontcheva et al. 02d]   
K. Bontcheva, D. Maynard, H. Cunningham, and H. Saggion. Using Human Language Technology for Automatic Annotation and Indexing of Digital Library Content. In Proceedings of the 6th European Conference on Research and Advanced Technology for Digital Libraries (ECDL’2002), Rome, Italy, 2002.

[Damljanovic et al. 10a]   
D. Damljanovic, M. Agatonovic, and H. Cunningham. Identification of the Question Focus: Combining Syntactic Analysis and Ontology-based Lookup through the User Interaction. In 7th Language Resources and Evaluation Conference (LREC), La Valletta, Malta, May 2010. ELRA.

[Damljanovic et al. 10b]   
D. Damljanovic, M. Agatonovic, and H. Cunningham. Natural Language Interfaces to Ontologies: Combining Syntactic Analysis and Ontology-based Lookup through the User Interaction. In Proceedings of the 7th Extended Semantic Web Conference (ESWC 2010), Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Heraklion, Greece, June 2010. Springer-Verlag.

[Declerck et al. 03]   
T. Declerck, H. Cunningham, H. Saggion, J. Kuper, D. Reidsma, and P. Wittenburg. MUMIS – Advanced Information Extraction for Multimedia Indexing and Searching. In Proceedings of WIAMIS, London, 2003.

[Dimitrov et al. 02]   
M. Dimitrov, K. Bontcheva, H. Cunningham, and D. Maynard. A Light-weight Approach to Coreference Resolution for Named Entities in Text. In Proceedings of the Fourth Discourse Anaphora and Anaphor Resolution Colloquium (DAARC), Lisbon, 2002.

[Dowman et al. 05a]   
M. Dowman, V. Tablan, H. Cunningham, and B. Popov. Content augmentation for mixed-mode news broadcasts. In Proceedings of the 3rd European Conference on Interactive Television: User Centred ITV Systems, Programmes and Applications, Aalborg University, Denmark, 2005.

[Dowman et al. 05b]   
M. Dowman, V. Tablan, H. Cunningham, and B. Popov. Web-assisted annotation, semantic indexing and search of television and radio news. In Proceedings of the 14th International World Wide Web Conference, Chiba, Japan, 2005. http://gate.ac.uk/sale/www05/web-assisted-annotation.pdf.

[Dowman et al. 05c]   
M. Dowman, V. Tablan, H. Cunningham, C. Ursu, and B. Popov. Semantically enhanced television news through web and video integration. In Second European Semantic Web Conference (ESWC’2005), 2005.

[Funk et al. 07]   
A. Funk, V. Tablan, K. Bontcheva, H. Cunningham, B. Davis, and S. Handschuh. CLoNE: Controlled Language for Ontology Editing. In Proceedings of the 6th International Semantic Web Conference (ISWC 2007), Busan, Korea, November 2007.

[Gaizauskas et al. 96c]   
R. Gaizauskas, H. Cunningham, Y. Wilks, P. Rodgers, and K. Humphreys. GATE – an Environment to Support Research and Development in Natural Language Engineering. In Proceedings of the 8th IEEE International Conference on Tools with Artificial Intelligence (ICTAI-96), Toulouse, France, October 1996.

[Guthrie et al. 04]   
L. Guthrie, R. Basili, F. Zanzotto, K. Bontcheva, H. Cunningham, D. Guthrie, J. Cui, M. Cammisa, J. Liu, C. Martin, K. Haralambiev, M. Holub, K. Machery, and F. Jelinek. Large Scale Experiments for Semantic Labelling of Noun Phrases in Raw Text. In Proceedings of the Language Resources and Evaluation Conference (LREC 2004), 2004.

[Humphreys et al. 98]   
K. Humphreys, R. Gaizauskas, S. Azzam, C. Huyck, B. Mitchell, H. Cunningham, and Y. Wilks. Description of the LaSIE system as used for MUC-7. In Proceedings of the Seventh Message Understanding Conference (MUC-7). http://www.itl.nist.gov/iaui/894.02/related_projects/muc/index.html, 1998.

[Johansson et al. 09a]   
M. Johansson, Y. Li, J. Wakefield, M. Greenwood, T. Heitz, I. Roberts, H. Cunningham, P. Brennan, A. Roberts, and J. Mckay. Using prior information attained from the literature to improve ranking in genome-wide association studies. In The American Society of Human Genetics 59th Annual Meeting, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA, October 2009.

[Johansson et al. 09b]   
M. Johansson, Y. Li, J. Wakefield, M. Greenwood, T. Heitz, I. Roberts, H. Cunningham, P. Brennan, A. Roberts, and J. Mckay. Using prior information attained from the literature to improve ranking in genome-wide association studies. In International Genetic Epidemiology Society (IGES) 18th Annual Conference, Kahuku, Hawaii, USA, October 2009.

[Li et al. 05b]   
Y. Li, K. Bontcheva, and H. Cunningham. Using Uneven Margins SVM and Perceptron for Information Extraction. In Proceedings of Ninth Conference on Computational Natural Language Learning (CoNLL-2005), 2005.

[Li et al. 07a]   
Y. Li, K. Bontcheva, and H. Cunningham. Hierarchical, Perceptron-like Learning for Ontology Based Information Extraction. In 16th International World Wide Web Conference (WWW2007), pages 777–786, May 2007.

[Li et al. 07c]   
Y. Li, K. Bontcheva, and H. Cunningham. Experiments of opinion analysis on the corpora MPQA and NTCIR-6. In Proceedings of the Sixth NTCIR Workshop Meeting on Evaluation of Information Access Technologies: Information Retrieval, Question Answering and Cross-Lingual Information Access, pages 323–329, May 2007.

[Li et al. 07d]   
Y. Li, K. Bontcheva, and H. Cunningham. SVM Based Learning System for F-term Patent Classification. In Proceedings of the Sixth NTCIR Workshop Meeting on Evaluation of Information Access Technologies: Information Retrieval, Question Answering and Cross-Lingual Information Access, pages 396–402, May 2007.

[Maynard et al. 01]   
D. Maynard, V. Tablan, C. Ursu, H. Cunningham, and Y. Wilks. Named Entity Recognition from Diverse Text Types. In Recent Advances in Natural Language Processing 2001 Conference, pages 257–274, Tzigov Chark, Bulgaria, 2001.

[Maynard et al. 02b]   
D. Maynard, H. Cunningham, K. Bontcheva, and M. Dimitrov. Adapting A Robust Multi-Genre NE System for Automatic Content Extraction. In Proceedings of the Tenth International Conference on Artificial Intelligence: Methodology, Systems, Applications (AIMSA 2002), 2002.

[Maynard et al. 03a]   
D. Maynard, K. Bontcheva, and H. Cunningham. Towards a semantic extraction of Named Entities. In Recent Advances in Natural Language Processing, Bulgaria, 2003.

[Maynard et al. 04]   
D. Maynard, H. Cunningham, M. Yankova, A. Kourakis, and A. Kokossis. Ontology-Based Information Extraction in hTechSight. In First European Semantic Web Symposium (ESWS 2004), Heraklion, Crete, 2004.

[Maynard et al. 04b]   
D. Maynard, H. Cunningham, A. Kourakis, and A. Kokossis. Ontology-Based Information Extraction in hTechSight. In First European Semantic Web Symposium ( ESWS 2004), Heraklion, Crete, 2004.

[Maynard et al. 04c]   
D. Maynard, M. Yankova, N. Aswani, and H. Cunningham. Automatic Creation and Monitoring of Semantic Metadata in a Dynamic Knowledge Portal. In Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence: Methodology, Systems, Applications (AIMSA 2004), Varna, Bulgaria, 2004.

[Pastra et al. 02]   
K. Pastra, D. Maynard, H. Cunningham, O. Hamza, and Y. Wilks. How feasible is the reuse of grammars for named entity recognition? In Proceedings of the 3rd Language Resources and Evaluation Conference, 2002.

[Reidsma et al. 03b]   
D. Reidsma, J. Kuper, T. Declerck, H. Saggion, and H. Cunningham. Cross-Document Ontology-Based Information Extraction for Multimedia Retrieval. In Proceedings of ICCS’03, pages 41–48, Desden, 2003.

[Saggion et al. 02c]   
H. Saggion, H. Cunningham, D. Maynard, K. Bontcheva, O. Hamza, C. Ursu, and Y. Wilks. Extracting Information for Automatic Indexing of Multimedia Material. In 3rd International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC 2002), pages 669–676, Las Palmas, Gran Canaria, Spain, 2002.

[Saggion et al. 03d]   
H. Saggion, J. Kuper, T. Declerck, D. Reidsma, and H. Cunningham. Intelligent Multimedia Indexing and Retrieval through Multi-source Information Extraction and Merging. In IJCAI 2003, Acapulco, Mexico, 2003.

[Stevenson et al. 98]   
M. Stevenson, H. Cunningham, and Y. Wilks. Sense tagging and language engineering. In Proceedings of the 13th European Conference on Artificial Intelligence (ECAI-98), pages 185–189, Brighton, U.K., 1998.

[Tablan et al. 02]   
V. Tablan, C. Ursu, K. Bontcheva, H. Cunningham, D. Maynard, O. Hamza, T. McEnery, P. Baker, and M. Leisher. A Unicode-based Environment for Creation and Use of Language Resources. In Proceedings of 3rd Language Resources and Evaluation Conference, 2002.

[Tablan et al. 06]   
V. Tablan, T. Polajnar, H. Cunningham, and K. Bontcheva. User-friendly ontology authoring using a controlled language. In 5th Language Resources and Evaluation Conference, 2006.

[Ursu et al. 05]   
C. Ursu, T. Tablan, H. Cunningham, and B. Popav. Digital media preservation and access through semantically enhanced web-annotation. In Proceedings of the 2nd European Workshop on the Integration of Knowledge, Semantic and Digital Media Technologies (EWIMT 2005), December 01 2005.

[Wang et al. 05]   
T. Wang, D. Maynard, W. Peters, K. Bontcheva, and H. Cunningham. Extracting a domain ontology from linguistic resource based on relatedness measurements. In Proceedings of the 2005 IEEE/WIC/ACM International Conference on Web Intelligence (WI 2005), Septmeber 2005.

[Wang et al. 06]   
T. Wang, Y. Li, K. Bontcheva, H. Cunningham, and J. Wang. Automatic Extraction of Hierarchical Relations from Text. In Proceedings of the Third European Semantic Web Conference (ESWC 2006), Budva, Montenegro, 2006.

[Wood et al. 03]   
M. M. Wood, S. J. Lydon, V. Tablan, D. Maynard, and H. Cunningham. Using parallel texts to improve recall in IE. In Recent Advances in Natural Language Processing, Bulgaria, 2003.

[Wood et al. 04]   
M. Wood, S. Lydon, V. Tablan, D. Maynard, and H. Cunningham. Populating a Database from Parallel Texts using Ontology-based Information Extraction. In Proceedings of NLDB 2004, 2004.

6.6 Masters, Doctorate

[Cunningham 91]   
H. Cunningham. Automatic Speech Recognition. MSc thesis, University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology, 1991.

[Cunningham 00]   
H. Cunningham. Software Architecture for Language Engineering. Unpublished PhD thesis, University of Sheffield, 2000. http://gate.ac.uk/sale/thesis/.

6.7 Referreed Workshop Papers, Non-Refereed Technical Reports, Etc.

[Cunningham 15]   
H. Cunningham. Localising Food Production with Aquaponics. Department of Computer Science, University of Sheffield, 2015.

[Cunningham 92]   
H. Cunningham. Artificial Neural Networks for Pragmatics. In Workshop on Abduction, Beliefs and Context (ABC-92), Alghero, Sardinia, 1992. ESPRIT Project P-5254 (PLUS).

[Cunningham 93]   
H. Cunningham. Managing Code Development. Technical Report 93/10, Centre for Computational Linguistics, UMIST, Manchester, 1993.

[Cunningham 94]   
H. Cunningham. Support Software for Language Engineering Research. Technical Report 94/05, Centre for Computational Linguistics, UMIST, Manchester, 1994.

[Cunningham 96]   
H. Cunningham. AVENTINUS, ECRAN and GATE – Information Extraction and Language Engineering. In Proceedings of the Workshop on Multi-lingual Access to Textual Information (MAIN-96), Volterra, Italy, July 1996.

[Cunningham 97]   
H. Cunningham. Information Extraction – a User Guide. Research Memorandum CS–97–02, Department of Computer Science, University of Sheffield, January 1997. http://xxx.lanl.gov/abs/cs.CL/9702006.

[Cunningham 99b]   
H. Cunningham. Information Extraction: a User Guide (revised version). Research Memorandum CS–99–07, Department of Computer Science, University of Sheffield, May 1999.

[Cunningham 99c]   
H. Cunningham. JAPE: a Java Annotation Patterns Engine. Research Memorandum CS–99–06, Department of Computer Science, University of Sheffield, May 1999.

[Cunningham et al. 93]   
H. Cunningham, N. Underwood, and W. Black. The Surface-level COBALT Analysis Module. LRE Project 61-011 Technical Report C/CCL/11/93/b, Centre for Computational Linguistics, UMIST, Manchester, 1993.

[Cunningham et al. 94b]   
H. Cunningham, N. Underwood, and W. Black. Efficient Shallow Parsing for Text Categorisation. Technical Report 94/02, Centre for Computational Linguistics, UMIST, Manchester, 1994.

[Cunningham et al. 94c]   
H. Cunningham, N. Underwood, and W. Black. Reusable Components for CRISTAL. Techical Report LRE Project 62-059 Deliverable 1, Centre for Computational Linguistics, UMIST, Manchester, 1994.

[Cunningham et al. 95]   
H. Cunningham, R. Gaizauskas, and Y. Wilks. A General Architecture for Text Engineering (GATE) – a new approach to Language Engineering R&D. Technical Report CS–95–21, Department of Computer Science, University of Sheffield, 1995. http://xxx.lanl.gov/abs/cs.CL/9601009.

[Cunningham et al. 96a]   
H. Cunningham, K. Humphreys, R. Gaizauskas, and M. Stower. CREOLE Developer’s Manual. Technical report, Department of Computer Science, University of Sheffield, 1996. http://www.dcs.shef.ac.uk/nlp/gate.

[Cunningham et al. 96d]   
H. Cunningham, Y. Wilks, and R. Gaizauskas. Software Infrastructure for Language Engineering. In Proceedings of the AISB Workshop on Language Engineering for Document Analysis and Recognition, Brighton, U.K., April 1996.

[Cunningham et al. 98a]   
H. Cunningham, W. Peters, C. McCauley, K. Bontcheva, and Y. Wilks. A Level Playing Field for Language Resource Evaluation. In Workshop on Distributing and Accessing Lexical Resources at Conference on Language Resources Evaluation, Granada, Spain, 1998.

[Cunningham et al. 99]   
H. Cunningham, R. Gaizauskas, K. Humphreys, and Y. Wilks. Experience with a Language Engineering Architecture: Three Years of GATE. In Proceedings of the AISB’99 Workshop on Reference Architectures and Data Standards for NLP, Edinburgh, April 1999. The Society for the Study of Artificial Intelligence and Simulation of Behaviour.

[Cunningham et al. 00a]   
H. Cunningham, K. Bontcheva, W. Peters, and Y. Wilks. Uniform language resource access and distribution in the context of a General Architecture for Text Engineering (GATE). In Proceedings of the Workshop on Ontologies and Language Resources (OntoLex’2000), Sozopol, Bulgaria, September 2000. http://gate.ac.uk/sale/ontolex/ontolex.ps.

[Cunningham et al. 00c]   
H. Cunningham, D. Maynard, K. Bontcheva, V. Tablan, and Y. Wilks. Experience of using GATE for NLP R&D. In Proceedings of the Workshop on Using Toolsets and Architectures To Build NLP Systems at COLING-2000, Luxembourg, 2000. http://gate.ac.uk/.

[Cunningham et al. 00d]   
H. Cunningham, D. Maynard, and V. Tablan. JAPE: a Java Annotation Patterns Engine (Second Edition). Research Memorandum CS–00–10, Department of Computer Science, University of Sheffield, November 2000.

[Cunningham et al. 02c]   
H. Cunningham, D. Maynard, K. Bontcheva, V. Tablan, and C. Ursu. The GATE User Guide. http://gate.ac.uk/, 2002.

[Cunningham & Bontcheva 03]   
H. Cunningham and K. Bontcheva. Software Architectures for Language Engineering: a Critical Review. Technical Report CS–03–99, Department of Computer Science, University of Sheffield, 2003.

[Cunningham et al. 05]   
H. Cunningham, D. Maynard, K. Bontcheva, V. Tablan, C. Ursu, M. Dimitrov, M. Dowman, and N. Aswani. Developing Language Processing Components with GATE Version 3 (a User Guide). http://gate.ac.uk/, 2005.

[Azzam et al. 97a]   
S. Azzam, K. Humphreys, R. Gaizauskas, H. Cunningham, and Y. Wilks. A Design for Multilingual Information Extraction (poster). In IJCAI-97, 1997.

[Azzam et al. 97b]   
S. Azzam, K. Humphreys, R. Gaizauskas, H. Cunningham, and Y. Wilks. Using a Language Independent Domain Model for Multilingual Information Extraction. In C. Spryrodopoulos, editor, Proceedings of the IJCAI-97 Workshop on Multilinguality in the Software Industry: the AI Contribution (MULSAIC-97), 1997.

[Black & Cunningham 93]   
W. Black and H. Cunningham. The COBALT Language Analysis Module. Technical Report C/CCL/04/93/a, Centre for Computational Linguistics, UMIST, Manchester, 1993.

[Black et al. 93]   
W. Black, H. Cunningham, B. Geurts, and G. Rentier. The PLUS Natural Language Engine. Technical Report ESPRIT Project P5254 (PLUS) Deliverable 2, Centre for Computational Linguistics, UMIST, Manchester, 1993.

[Bontcheva et al. 00]   
K. Bontcheva, H. Brugman, A. Russel, P. Wittenburg, and H. Cunningham. An Experiment in Unifying Audio-Visual and Textual Infrastructures for Language Processing R&D. In Proceedings of the Workshop on Using Toolsets and Architectures To Build NLP Systems at COLING-2000, Luxembourg, 2000. http://gate.ac.uk/.

[Bontcheva et al. 01]   
K. Bontcheva, C. Brewster, F. Ciravegna, H. Cunningham, L. Guthrie, R. Gaizauskas, and Y. Wilks. Using HLT for Acquiring, Retrieving and Publishing Knowledge in AKT: Position Paper. In Workshop on Human Language Technology and Knowledge Management, Toulouse, France, 2001. http://www.elsnet.org/acl2001-hlt+km.html.

[Bontcheva et al. 02a]   
K. Bontcheva, H. Cunningham, V. Tablan, D. Maynard, and O. Hamza. Using GATE as an Environment for Teaching NLP. In Proceedings of the ACL Workshop on Effective Tools and Methodologies in Teaching NLP, 2002.

[Bontcheva et al. 02b]   
K. Bontcheva, H. Cunningham, V. Tablan, D. Maynard, and H. Saggion. Developing Reusable and Robust Language Processing Components for Information Systems using GATE. In Proceedings of the 3rd International Workshop on Natural Language and Information Systems (NLIS’2002), Aix-en-Provence, France, 2002. IEEE Computer Society Press.

[Bontcheva et al. 02c]   
K. Bontcheva, M. Dimitrov, D. Maynard, V. Tablan, and H. Cunningham. Shallow Methods for Named Entity Coreference Resolution. In Chaînes de références et résolveurs d’anaphores, workshop TALN 2002, Nancy, France, 2002.

[Bontcheva et al. 03]   
K. Bontcheva, A. Kiryakov, H. Cunningham, B. Popov, and M. Dimitrov. Semantic web enabled, open source language technology. In EACL workshop on Language Technology and the Semantic Web: NLP and XML, Budapest, Hungary, 2003.

[Bontcheva et al. 10]   
K. Bontcheva, H. Cunningham, I. Roberts, and V. Tablan. Web-based collaborative corpus annotation: Requirements and a framework implementation. In Proceedings of the Workshop on New Challenges for NLP Frameworks, Valletta, Malta, May 2010.

[Brugman et al. 99]   
H. Brugman, K. Bontcheva, P. Wittenburg, and H. Cunningham. Integrating Multimedia and Textual Software Architectures for Language Technology. Technical report MPI-TG-99-1, Max-Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics, Nijmegen, Netherlands, 1999.

[Damljanovic et al. 09]   
D. Damljanovic, M. Agatonovic, and H. Cunningham. Usability of Natural Language Interfaces for Querying Ontologies (poster). In Workshop on Controlled Natural Language (CNL 2009), 2009.

[Damljanovic et al. 10a]   
D. Damljanovic, J. Petrak, and H. Cunningham. Random Indexing for Searching Large RDF Graphs. In Poster Session at the Proceedings of the 7th Extended Semantic Web Conference (ESWC 2010), Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Heraklion, Greece, June 2010. Springer-Verlag.

[Damljanovic et al. 11a]   
D. Damljanovic, M. Agatonovic, and H. Cunningham. FREyA: an Interactive Way of Querying Linked Data using Natural Language. In Proceedings of 1st Workshop on Question Answering over Linked Data (QALD-1), Collocated with the 8th Extended Semantic Web Conference (ESWC 2011), Heraklion, Greece, June 2011.

[Damljanovic et al. 11b]   
D. Damljanovic, J. Petrak, M. Lupu, H. Cunningham, M. Carlsson, G. Engstrom, and B. Andersson. Random Indexing for Finding Similar Nodes within Large RDF graphs . In Proceedings of the Fourth International Workshop on Resource Discovery, Collocated with the 8th Extended Semantic Web Conference (ESWC 2011), Heraklion, Greece, June 2011.

[Davis et al. 06]   
B. Davis, S. Handschuh, H. Cunningham, and V. Tablan. Further use of Controlled Natural Language for Semantic Annotation of Wikis. In Proceedings of the 1st Semantic Authoring and Annotation Workshop at ISWC2006, Athens, Georgia, USA, November 2006.

[Davis et al. 09]   
B. Davis, P. Varma, S. Handschuh, L. Dragan, and H. Cunninghan. Controlled natural language for semantic annotation. In N. E. Fuchs, editor, Pre-Proceedings of the Workshop on Controlled Natural Language (CNL 2009), volume 448 of CEUR Workshop Proceedings. CEUR-WS, April 2009.

[Declerck et al. 01]   
T. Declerck, P. Wittenburg, and H. Cunningham. The Automatic Generation of Formal Annotations in a Multimedia Indexing and Searching Environment. In Workshop on Human Language Technology and Knowledge Management, Toulouse, France, 2001. http://www.elsnet.org/acl2001-hlt+km.html.

[Gaizauskas et al. 96a]   
R. Gaizauskas, P. Rodgers, H. Cunningham, and K. Humphreys. GATE User Guide. http://www.dcs.shef.ac.uk/nlp/gate, 1996.

[Gotoh et al. 98]   
Y. Gotoh, S. Renals, R. Gaizauskas, G. Williams, and H. Cunningham. Named Entity Tagged Language Models for LVCSR. Technical Report CS-98-05, Department of Computer Science, University of Sheffield, 1998.

[Hamza et al. 02]   
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7 Footnotes

1http://project.sobigdata.eu/

2Principal Investigator.

3http://euaquaponicshub.com/

4Management Committee Member.

5http://www.mli-project.eu/

6http://www.forgetit-project.eu/

7http://www.annomarket.eu/

8Project Coordinator; Principal Investigator.

9New cloud Architecture for General Extraction Services.

10Memory institutions in the e-Social age.

11Co-Investigator.

12Knowledge Helper for Medical and Other Information users.

13Large Knowledge Collider.

14Semantic Annotation for Matrixware.

15Co-Author.

16Linguistic Infrastructure for Interoperable Resources and Systems.

17Semantic Knowledge Technology.

18Member of the steering board of the PrestoSpace Integrated Project.

19Audiovisual Preservation.

20Multimedia Knowledge Management.

21Founder Member.

22Sumerian corpus tools.

23hi-Tech inSight.

24Advanced Knowledge Technologies.

25Multimedia Indexing.

26Max Planck Institute, Nijmegen.

27Previously named Computing and the Humanities.

28With Prof. Donia Scott, Open University.